unreachable

In Debug and ReleaseSafe mode, and when using zig test, unreachable emits a call to panic with the message reached unreachable code.

In ReleaseFast mode, the optimizer uses the assumption that unreachable code will never be hit to perform optimizations. However, zig test even in ReleaseFast mode still emits unreachable as calls to panic.

Basics

test.zig

  1. // unreachable is used to assert that control flow will never happen upon a
  2. // particular location:
  3. test "basic math"{
  4. const x =1;
  5. const y =2;
  6. if(x + y !=3){
  7. unreachable;
  8. }
  9. }
  1. $ zig test test.zig
  2. 1/1 test "basic math"...OK
  3. All1 tests passed.

In fact, this is how assert is implemented:

test.zig

  1. fn assert(ok:bool)void{
  2. if(!ok) unreachable;// assertion failure
  3. }
  4. // This test will fail because we hit unreachable.
  5. test "this will fail"{
  6. assert(false);
  7. }
  1. $ zig test test.zig
  2. 1/1 test "this will fail"...reached unreachable code
  3. /deps/zig/docgen_tmp/test.zig:2:14:0x2052cbinassert(test)
  4. if(!ok) unreachable;// assertion failure
  5. ^
  6. /deps/zig/docgen_tmp/test.zig:7:11:0x204b8ein test "this will fail"(test)
  7. assert(false);
  8. ^
  9. /deps/zig/lib/std/special/test_runner.zig:47:28:0x22badein std.special.main (test)
  10. }else test_fn.func();
  11. ^
  12. /deps/zig/lib/std/start.zig:253:37:0x20560din std.start.posixCallMainAndExit (test)
  13. const result = root.main()catch|err|{
  14. ^
  15. /deps/zig/lib/std/start.zig:123:5:0x20534fin std.start._start (test)
  16. @call(.{.modifier =.never_inline }, posixCallMainAndExit,.{});
  17. ^
  18. Tests failed.Use the following command to reproduce the failure:
  19. /deps/zig/docgen_tmp/test

At Compile-Time

test.zig

  1. constassert=@import("std").debug.assert;
  2. test "type of unreachable"{
  3. comptime {
  4. // The type of unreachable is noreturn.
  5. // However this assertion will still fail because
  6. // evaluating unreachable at compile-time is a compile error.
  7. assert(@TypeOf(unreachable)== noreturn);
  8. }
  9. }
  1. $ zig test test.zig
  2. ./docgen_tmp/test.zig:10:16: error: unreachable code
  3. assert(@TypeOf(unreachable)== noreturn);
  4. ^
  5. ./docgen_tmp/test.zig:3:28: note: referenced here
  6. test "type of unreachable"{
  7. ^

See also: