Layout 布局

通过基础的 24 分栏,迅速简便地创建布局。

基础布局

使用单一分栏创建基础的栅格布局。

Layout 布局 - 图1

通过 row 和 col 组件,并通过 col 组件的 span 属性我们就可以自由地组合布局。

  1. <el-row>
  2. <el-col :span="24"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple-dark"></div></el-col>
  3. </el-row>
  4. <el-row>
  5. <el-col :span="12"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  6. <el-col :span="12"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  7. </el-row>
  8. <el-row>
  9. <el-col :span="8"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  10. <el-col :span="8"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  11. <el-col :span="8"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  12. </el-row>
  13. <el-row>
  14. <el-col :span="6"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  15. <el-col :span="6"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  16. <el-col :span="6"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  17. <el-col :span="6"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  18. </el-row>
  19. <el-row>
  20. <el-col :span="4"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  21. <el-col :span="4"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  22. <el-col :span="4"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  23. <el-col :span="4"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  24. <el-col :span="4"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  25. <el-col :span="4"><divclass="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  26. </el-row>
  27. <style>
  28. .el-row {
  29. margin-bottom:20px;
  30. &:last-child {
  31. margin-bottom:0;
  32. }
  33. }
  34. .el-col {
  35. border-radius:4px;
  36. }
  37. .bg-purple-dark {
  38. background:#99a9bf;
  39. }
  40. .bg-purple {
  41. background:#d3dce6;
  42. }
  43. .bg-purple-light {
  44. background:#e5e9f2;
  45. }
  46. .grid-content {
  47. border-radius:4px;
  48. min-height:36px;
  49. }
  50. .row-bg {
  51. padding:10px0;
  52. background-color:#f9fafc;
  53. }
  54. </style>

分栏间隔

分栏之间存在间隔。

Layout 布局 - 图2

Row 组件 提供 gutter 属性来指定每一栏之间的间隔,默认间隔为 0。

<el-row :gutter="20">
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>

<style>
  .el-row {
    margin-bottom: 20px;
    &:last-child {
      margin-bottom: 0;
    }
  }
  .el-col {
    border-radius: 4px;
  }
  .bg-purple-dark {
    background: #99a9bf;
  }
  .bg-purple {
    background: #d3dce6;
  }
  .bg-purple-light {
    background: #e5e9f2;
  }
  .grid-content {
    border-radius: 4px;
    min-height: 36px;
  }
  .row-bg {
    padding: 10px 0;
    background-color: #f9fafc;
  }
</style>

混合布局

通过基础的 1/24 分栏任意扩展组合形成较为复杂的混合布局。

Layout 布局 - 图3

<el-row :gutter="20">
  <el-col :span="16"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="8"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>
<el-row :gutter="20">
  <el-col :span="8"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="8"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="4"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="4"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>
<el-row :gutter="20">
  <el-col :span="4"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="16"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="4"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>

<style>
  .el-row {
    margin-bottom: 20px;
    &:last-child {
      margin-bottom: 0;
    }
  }
  .el-col {
    border-radius: 4px;
  }
  .bg-purple-dark {
    background: #99a9bf;
  }
  .bg-purple {
    background: #d3dce6;
  }
  .bg-purple-light {
    background: #e5e9f2;
  }
  .grid-content {
    border-radius: 4px;
    min-height: 36px;
  }
  .row-bg {
    padding: 10px 0;
    background-color: #f9fafc;
  }
</style>

分栏偏移

支持偏移指定的栏数。

Layout 布局 - 图4

通过制定 col 组件的 offset 属性可以指定分栏偏移的栏数。

<el-row :gutter="20">
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6" :offset="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>
<el-row :gutter="20">
  <el-col :span="6" :offset="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6" :offset="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>
<el-row :gutter="20">
  <el-col :span="12" :offset="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>

<style>
  .el-row {
    margin-bottom: 20px;
    &:last-child {
      margin-bottom: 0;
    }
  }
  .el-col {
    border-radius: 4px;
  }
  .bg-purple-dark {
    background: #99a9bf;
  }
  .bg-purple {
    background: #d3dce6;
  }
  .bg-purple-light {
    background: #e5e9f2;
  }
  .grid-content {
    border-radius: 4px;
    min-height: 36px;
  }
  .row-bg {
    padding: 10px 0;
    background-color: #f9fafc;
  }
</style>

对齐方式

通过 flex 布局来对分栏进行灵活的对齐。

Layout 布局 - 图5

type 属性赋值为 'flex',可以启用 flex 布局,并可通过 justify 属性来指定 start, center, end, space-between, space-around 其中的值来定义子元素的排版方式。

<el-row type="flex" class="row-bg">
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>
<el-row type="flex" class="row-bg" justify="center">
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>
<el-row type="flex" class="row-bg" justify="end">
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>
<el-row type="flex" class="row-bg" justify="space-between">
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>
<el-row type="flex" class="row-bg" justify="space-around">
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :span="6"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
</el-row>

<style>
  .el-row {
    margin-bottom: 20px;
    &:last-child {
      margin-bottom: 0;
    }
  }
  .el-col {
    border-radius: 4px;
  }
  .bg-purple-dark {
    background: #99a9bf;
  }
  .bg-purple {
    background: #d3dce6;
  }
  .bg-purple-light {
    background: #e5e9f2;
  }
  .grid-content {
    border-radius: 4px;
    min-height: 36px;
  }
  .row-bg {
    padding: 10px 0;
    background-color: #f9fafc;
  }
</style>

响应式布局

参照了 Bootstrap 的 响应式设计,预设了五个响应尺寸:xssmmdlgxl

Layout 布局 - 图6

<el-row :gutter="10">
  <el-col :xs="8" :sm="6" :md="4" :lg="3" :xl="1"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :xs="4" :sm="6" :md="8" :lg="9" :xl="11"><div class="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :xs="4" :sm="6" :md="8" :lg="9" :xl="11"><div class="grid-content bg-purple"></div></el-col>
  <el-col :xs="8" :sm="6" :md="4" :lg="3" :xl="1"><div class="grid-content bg-purple-light"></div></el-col>
</el-row>

<style>
  .el-col {
    border-radius: 4px;
  }
  .bg-purple-dark {
    background: #99a9bf;
  }
  .bg-purple {
    background: #d3dce6;
  }
  .bg-purple-light {
    background: #e5e9f2;
  }
  .grid-content {
    border-radius: 4px;
    min-height: 36px;
  }
</style>

基于断点的隐藏类

Element 额外提供了一系列类名,用于在某些条件下隐藏元素。这些类名可以添加在任何 DOM 元素或自定义组件上。如果需要,请自行引入以下文件:

import 'element-ui/lib/theme-chalk/display.css';

包含的类名及其含义为:

  • hidden-xs-only - 当视口在 xs 尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-sm-only - 当视口在 sm 尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-sm-and-down - 当视口在 sm 及以下尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-sm-and-up - 当视口在 sm 及以上尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-md-only - 当视口在 md 尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-md-and-down - 当视口在 md 及以下尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-md-and-up - 当视口在 md 及以上尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-lg-only - 当视口在 lg 尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-lg-and-down - 当视口在 lg 及以下尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-lg-and-up - 当视口在 lg 及以上尺寸时隐藏
  • hidden-xl-only - 当视口在 xl 尺寸时隐藏

Row Attributes

参数说明类型可选值默认值
gutter栅格间隔number0
type布局模式,可选 flex,现代浏览器下有效string
justifyflex 布局下的水平排列方式stringstart/end/center/space-around/space-betweenstart
alignflex 布局下的垂直排列方式stringtop/middle/bottomtop
tag自定义元素标签string*div

Col Attributes

参数说明类型可选值默认值
span栅格占据的列数number24
offset栅格左侧的间隔格数number0
push栅格向右移动格数number0
pull栅格向左移动格数number0
xs<768px 响应式栅格数或者栅格属性对象number/object (例如: {span: 4, offset: 4})
sm≥768px 响应式栅格数或者栅格属性对象number/object (例如: {span: 4, offset: 4})
md≥992px 响应式栅格数或者栅格属性对象number/object (例如: {span: 4, offset: 4})
lg≥1200px 响应式栅格数或者栅格属性对象number/object (例如: {span: 4, offset: 4})
xl≥1920px 响应式栅格数或者栅格属性对象number/object (例如: {span: 4, offset: 4})
tag自定义元素标签string*div