The Scrapy settings allows you to customize the behaviour of all Scrapycomponents, including the core, extensions, pipelines and spiders themselves.

The infrastructure of the settings provides a global namespace of key-value mappingsthat the code can use to pull configuration values from. The settings can bepopulated through different mechanisms, which are described below.

The settings are also the mechanism for selecting the currently active Scrapyproject (in case you have many).

For a list of available built-in settings see: Built-in settings reference.

Designating the settings

When you use Scrapy, you have to tell it which settings you’re using. You cando this by using an environment variable, SCRAPY_SETTINGS_MODULE.

The value of SCRAPY_SETTINGS_MODULE should be in Python path syntax, e.g.myproject.settings. Note that the settings module should be on thePython import search path.

Populating the settings

Settings can be populated using different mechanisms, each of which having adifferent precedence. Here is the list of them in decreasing order ofprecedence:

  1. Command line options (most precedence)
  2. Settings per-spider
  3. Project settings module
  4. Default settings per-command
  5. Default global settings (less precedence)

The population of these settings sources is taken care of internally, but amanual handling is possible using API calls. See theSettings API topic for reference.

These mechanisms are described in more detail below.

1. Command line options

Arguments provided by the command line are the ones that take most precedence,overriding any other options. You can explicitly override one (or more)settings using the -s (or —set) command line option.


  1. scrapy crawl myspider -s LOG_FILE=scrapy.log

2. Settings per-spider

Spiders (See the Spiders chapter for reference) can define theirown settings that will take precedence and override the project ones. They cando so by setting their custom_settings attribute:

  1. class MySpider(scrapy.Spider):
  2. name = 'myspider'
  4. custom_settings = {
  5. 'SOME_SETTING': 'some value',
  6. }

3. Project settings module

The project settings module is the standard configuration file for your Scrapyproject, it’s where most of your custom settings will be populated. For astandard Scrapy project, this means you’ll be adding or changing the settingsin the file created for your project.

4. Default settings per-command

Each Scrapy tool command can have its own defaultsettings, which override the global default settings. Those custom commandsettings are specified in the default_settings attribute of the commandclass.

5. Default global settings

The global defaults are located in the scrapy.settings.default_settingsmodule and documented in the Built-in settings reference section.

How to access settings

In a spider, the settings are available through self.settings:

  1. class MySpider(scrapy.Spider):
  2. name = 'myspider'
  3. start_urls = ['']
  5. def parse(self, response):
  6. print("Existing settings: %s" % self.settings.attributes.keys())


The settings attribute is set in the base Spider class after the spideris initialized. If you want to use the settings before the initialization(e.g., in your spider’s init() method), you’ll need to override thefrom_crawler() method.

Settings can be accessed through the scrapy.crawler.Crawler.settingsattribute of the Crawler that is passed to from_crawler method inextensions, middlewares and item pipelines:

  1. class MyExtension(object):
  2. def __init__(self, log_is_enabled=False):
  3. if log_is_enabled:
  4. print("log is enabled!")
  6. @classmethod
  7. def from_crawler(cls, crawler):
  8. settings = crawler.settings
  9. return cls(settings.getbool('LOG_ENABLED'))

The settings object can be used like a dict (e.g.,settings['LOG_ENABLED']), but it’s usually preferred to extract the settingin the format you need it to avoid type errors, using one of the methodsprovided by the Settings API.

Rationale for setting names

Setting names are usually prefixed with the component that they configure. Forexample, proper setting names for a fictional robots.txt extension would beROBOTSTXT_ENABLED, ROBOTSTXT_OBEY, ROBOTSTXT_CACHEDIR, etc.

Built-in settings reference

Here’s a list of all available Scrapy settings, in alphabetical order, alongwith their default values and the scope where they apply.

The scope, where available, shows where the setting is being used, if it’s tiedto any particular component. In that case the module of that component will beshown, typically an extension, middleware or pipeline. It also means that thecomponent must be enabled in order for the setting to have any effect.


Default: None

The AWS access key used by code that requires access to Amazon Web services,such as the S3 feed storage backend.


Default: None

The AWS secret key used by code that requires access to Amazon Web services,such as the S3 feed storage backend.


Default: None

Endpoint URL used for S3-like storage, for example Minio or s3.scality.


Default: None

Use this option if you want to disable SSL connection for communication withS3 or S3-like storage. By default SSL will be used.


Default: None

Verify SSL connection between Scrapy and S3 or S3-like storage. By defaultSSL verification will occur.


Default: None

The name of the region associated with the AWS client.


Default: 'scrapybot'

The name of the bot implemented by this Scrapy project (also known as theproject name). This name will be used for the logging too.

It’s automatically populated with your project name when you create yourproject with the startproject command.


Default: 100

Maximum number of concurrent items (per response) to process in parallel in theItem Processor (also known as the Item Pipeline).


Default: 16

The maximum number of concurrent (i.e. simultaneous) requests that will beperformed by the Scrapy downloader.


Default: 8

The maximum number of concurrent (i.e. simultaneous) requests that will beperformed to any single domain.

See also: AutoThrottle extension and itsAUTOTHROTTLE_TARGET_CONCURRENCY option.


Default: 0

The maximum number of concurrent (i.e. simultaneous) requests that will beperformed to any single IP. If non-zero, theCONCURRENT_REQUESTS_PER_DOMAIN setting is ignored, and this one isused instead. In other words, concurrency limits will be applied per IP, notper domain.

This setting also affects DOWNLOAD_DELAY andAutoThrottle extension: if CONCURRENT_REQUESTS_PER_IPis non-zero, download delay is enforced per IP, not per domain.


Default: 'scrapy.item.Item'

The default class that will be used for instantiating items in the theScrapy shell.



  1. {
  2. 'Accept': 'text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8',
  3. 'Accept-Language': 'en',
  4. }

The default headers used for Scrapy HTTP Requests. They’re populated in theDefaultHeadersMiddleware.


Default: 0

Scope: scrapy.spidermiddlewares.depth.DepthMiddleware

The maximum depth that will be allowed to crawl for any site. If zero, no limitwill be imposed.


Default: 0

Scope: scrapy.spidermiddlewares.depth.DepthMiddleware

An integer that is used to adjust the priority ofa Request based on its depth.

The priority of a request is adjusted as follows:

  1. request.priority = request.priority - ( depth * DEPTH_PRIORITY )

As depth increases, positive values of DEPTH_PRIORITY decrease requestpriority (BFO), while negative values increase request priority (DFO). Seealso Does Scrapy crawl in breadth-first or depth-first order?.


This setting adjusts priority in the opposite way compared toother priority settings REDIRECT_PRIORITY_ADJUSTand RETRY_PRIORITY_ADJUST.


Default: False

Scope: scrapy.spidermiddlewares.depth.DepthMiddleware

Whether to collect verbose depth stats. If this is enabled, the number ofrequests for each depth is collected in the stats.


Default: True

Whether to enable DNS in-memory cache.


Default: 10000

DNS in-memory cache size.


New in version 2.0.

Default: 'scrapy.resolver.CachingThreadedResolver'

The class to be used to resolve DNS names. The default scrapy.resolver.CachingThreadedResolversupports specifying a timeout for DNS requests via the DNS_TIMEOUT setting,but works only with IPv4 addresses. Scrapy provides an alternative resolver,scrapy.resolver.CachingHostnameResolver, which supports IPv4/IPv6 addresses but does nottake the DNS_TIMEOUT setting into account.


Default: 60

Timeout for processing of DNS queries in seconds. Float is supported.


Default: 'scrapy.core.downloader.Downloader'

The downloader to use for crawling.


Default: 'scrapy.core.downloader.webclient.ScrapyHTTPClientFactory'

Defines a Twisted protocol.ClientFactory class to use for HTTP/1.0connections (for HTTP10DownloadHandler).


HTTP/1.0 is rarely used nowadays so you can safely ignore this setting,unless you use Twisted<11.1, or if you really want to use HTTP/1.0and override DOWNLOAD_HANDLERS_BASE for http(s) schemeaccordingly, i.e. to'scrapy.core.downloader.handlers.http.HTTP10DownloadHandler'.


Default: 'scrapy.core.downloader.contextfactory.ScrapyClientContextFactory'

Represents the classpath to the ContextFactory to use.

Here, “ContextFactory” is a Twisted term for SSL/TLS contexts, definingthe TLS/SSL protocol version to use, whether to do certificate verification,or even enable client-side authentication (and various other things).


Scrapy default context factory does NOT perform remote servercertificate verification. This is usually fine for web scraping.

If you do need remote server certificate verification enabled,Scrapy also has another context factory class that you can set,'scrapy.core.downloader.contextfactory.BrowserLikeContextFactory',which uses the platform’s certificates to validate remote endpoints.This is only available if you use Twisted>=14.0.

If you do use a custom ContextFactory, make sure its init methodaccepts a method parameter (this is the OpenSSL.SSL method mappingDOWNLOADER_CLIENT_TLS_METHOD), a tls_verbose_loggingparameter (bool) and a tls_ciphers parameter (seeDOWNLOADER_CLIENT_TLS_CIPHERS).


Default: 'DEFAULT'

Use this setting to customize the TLS/SSL ciphers used by the defaultHTTP/1.1 downloader.

The setting should contain a string in the OpenSSL cipher list format,these ciphers will be used as client ciphers. Changing this setting may benecessary to access certain HTTPS websites: for example, you may need to use'DEFAULT:!DH' for a website with weak DH parameters or enable aspecific cipher that is not included in DEFAULT if a website requires it.


Default: 'TLS'

Use this setting to customize the TLS/SSL method used by the defaultHTTP/1.1 downloader.

This setting must be one of these string values:

  • 'TLS': maps to OpenSSL’s TLS_method() (a.k.a SSLv23_method()),which allows protocol negotiation, starting from the highest supportedby the platform; default, recommended
  • 'TLSv1.0': this value forces HTTPS connections to use TLS version 1.0 ;set this if you want the behavior of Scrapy<1.1
  • 'TLSv1.1': forces TLS version 1.1
  • 'TLSv1.2': forces TLS version 1.2
  • 'SSLv3': forces SSL version 3 (not recommended)


We recommend that you use PyOpenSSL>=0.13 and Twisted>=0.13or above (Twisted>=14.0 if you can).


Default: False

Setting this to True will enable DEBUG level messages about TLS connectionparameters after establishing HTTPS connections. The kind of information loggeddepends on the versions of OpenSSL and pyOpenSSL.

This setting is only used for the defaultDOWNLOADER_CLIENTCONTEXTFACTORY.


Default:: {}

A dict containing the downloader middlewares enabled in your project, and theirorders. For more info see Activating a downloader middleware.



  1. {
  2. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.robotstxt.RobotsTxtMiddleware': 100,
  3. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.httpauth.HttpAuthMiddleware': 300,
  4. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.downloadtimeout.DownloadTimeoutMiddleware': 350,
  5. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.defaultheaders.DefaultHeadersMiddleware': 400,
  6. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.useragent.UserAgentMiddleware': 500,
  7. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.retry.RetryMiddleware': 550,
  8. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.ajaxcrawl.AjaxCrawlMiddleware': 560,
  9. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.redirect.MetaRefreshMiddleware': 580,
  10. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.httpcompression.HttpCompressionMiddleware': 590,
  11. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.redirect.RedirectMiddleware': 600,
  12. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.cookies.CookiesMiddleware': 700,
  13. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.httpproxy.HttpProxyMiddleware': 750,
  14. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.stats.DownloaderStats': 850,
  15. 'scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.httpcache.HttpCacheMiddleware': 900,
  16. }

A dict containing the downloader middlewares enabled by default in Scrapy. Loworders are closer to the engine, high orders are closer to the downloader. Youshould never modify this setting in your project, modifyDOWNLOADER_MIDDLEWARES instead. For more info seeActivating a downloader middleware.


Default: True

Whether to enable downloader stats collection.


Default: 0

The amount of time (in secs) that the downloader should wait before downloadingconsecutive pages from the same website. This can be used to throttle thecrawling speed to avoid hitting servers too hard. Decimal numbers aresupported. Example:

  1. DOWNLOAD_DELAY = 0.25 # 250 ms of delay

This setting is also affected by the RANDOMIZE_DOWNLOAD_DELAYsetting (which is enabled by default). By default, Scrapy doesn’t wait a fixedamount of time between requests, but uses a random interval between 0.5 DOWNLOAD_DELAY and 1.5 DOWNLOAD_DELAY.

When CONCURRENT_REQUESTS_PER_IP is non-zero, delays are enforcedper ip address instead of per domain.

You can also change this setting per spider by setting download_delayspider attribute.


Default: {}

A dict containing the request downloader handlers enabled in your project.See DOWNLOAD_HANDLERS_BASE for example format.



  1. {
  2. 'file': 'scrapy.core.downloader.handlers.file.FileDownloadHandler',
  3. 'http': 'scrapy.core.downloader.handlers.http.HTTPDownloadHandler',
  4. 'https': 'scrapy.core.downloader.handlers.http.HTTPDownloadHandler',
  5. 's3': 'scrapy.core.downloader.handlers.s3.S3DownloadHandler',
  6. 'ftp': 'scrapy.core.downloader.handlers.ftp.FTPDownloadHandler',
  7. }

A dict containing the request download handlers enabled by default in Scrapy.You should never modify this setting in your project, modifyDOWNLOAD_HANDLERS instead.

You can disable any of these download handlers by assigning None to theirURI scheme in DOWNLOAD_HANDLERS. E.g., to disable the built-in FTPhandler (without replacement), place this in your

  2. 'ftp': None,
  3. }


Default: 180

The amount of time (in secs) that the downloader will wait before timing out.


This timeout can be set per spider using download_timeoutspider attribute and per-request using download_timeoutRequest.meta key.


Default: 1073741824 (1024MB)

The maximum response size (in bytes) that downloader will download.

If you want to disable it set to 0.


This size can be set per spider using download_maxsizespider attribute and per-request using download_maxsizeRequest.meta key.

This feature needs Twisted >= 11.1.


Default: 33554432 (32MB)

The response size (in bytes) that downloader will start to warn.

If you want to disable it set to 0.


This size can be set per spider using download_warnsizespider attribute and per-request using download_warnsizeRequest.meta key.

This feature needs Twisted >= 11.1.


Default: True

Whether or not to fail on broken responses, that is, declaredContent-Length does not match content sent by the server or chunkedresponse was not properly finish. If True, these responses raise aResponseFailed([_DataLoss]) error. If False, these responsesare passed through and the flag dataloss is added to the response, i.e.:'dataloss' in response.flags is True.

Optionally, this can be set per-request basis by using thedownload_fail_on_dataloss Request.meta key to False.


A broken response, or data loss error, may happen under severalcircumstances, from server misconfiguration to network errors to datacorruption. It is up to the user to decide if it makes sense to processbroken responses considering they may contain partial or incomplete content.If RETRY_ENABLED is True and this setting is set to True,the ResponseFailed([_DataLoss]) failure will be retried as usual.


Default: 'scrapy.dupefilters.RFPDupeFilter'

The class used to detect and filter duplicate requests.

The default (RFPDupeFilter) filters based on request fingerprint usingthe scrapy.utils.request.request_fingerprint function. In order to changethe way duplicates are checked you could subclass RFPDupeFilter andoverride its request_fingerprint method. This method should acceptscrapy Request object and return its fingerprint(a string).

You can disable filtering of duplicate requests by settingDUPEFILTER_CLASS to 'scrapy.dupefilters.BaseDupeFilter'.Be very careful about this however, because you can get into crawling loops.It’s usually a better idea to set the dont_filter parameter toTrue on the specific Request that should not befiltered.


Default: False

By default, RFPDupeFilter only logs the first duplicate request.Setting DUPEFILTER_DEBUG to True will make it log all duplicate requests.


Default: vi (on Unix systems) or the IDLE editor (on Windows)

The editor to use for editing spiders with the edit command.Additionally, if the EDITOR environment variable is set, the editcommand will prefer it over the default setting.


Default:: {}

A dict containing the extensions enabled in your project, and their orders.



  1. {
  2. 'scrapy.extensions.corestats.CoreStats': 0,
  3. 'scrapy.extensions.telnet.TelnetConsole': 0,
  4. 'scrapy.extensions.memusage.MemoryUsage': 0,
  5. 'scrapy.extensions.memdebug.MemoryDebugger': 0,
  6. 'scrapy.extensions.closespider.CloseSpider': 0,
  7. 'scrapy.extensions.feedexport.FeedExporter': 0,
  8. 'scrapy.extensions.logstats.LogStats': 0,
  9. 'scrapy.extensions.spiderstate.SpiderState': 0,
  10. 'scrapy.extensions.throttle.AutoThrottle': 0,
  11. }

A dict containing the extensions available by default in Scrapy, and theirorders. This setting contains all stable built-in extensions. Keep in mind thatsome of them need to be enabled through a setting.

For more information See the extensions user guideand the list of available extensions.


The Feed Temp dir allows you to set a custom folder to save crawlertemporary files before uploading with FTP feed storage andAmazon S3.


Default: True

Whether or not to use passive mode when initiating FTP transfers.


Default: "guest"

The password to use for FTP connections when there is no "ftp_password"in Request meta.


Paraphrasing RFC 1635, although it is common to use either the password“guest” or one’s e-mail address for anonymous FTP,some FTP servers explicitly ask for the user’s e-mail addressand will not allow login with the “guest” password.


Default: "anonymous"

The username to use for FTP connections when there is no "ftp_user"in Request meta.


Default: {}

A dict containing the item pipelines to use, and their orders. Order values arearbitrary, but it is customary to define them in the 0-1000 range. Lower ordersprocess before higher orders.


  2. 'mybot.pipelines.validate.ValidateMyItem': 300,
  3. 'mybot.pipelines.validate.StoreMyItem': 800,
  4. }


Default: {}

A dict containing the pipelines enabled by default in Scrapy. You should nevermodify this setting in your project, modify ITEM_PIPELINES instead.


Default: True

Whether to enable logging.


Default: 'utf-8'

The encoding to use for logging.


Default: None

File name to use for logging output. If None, standard error will be used.


Default: '%(asctime)s [%(name)s] %(levelname)s: %(message)s'

String for formatting log messages. Refer to the Python logging documentation for the whole list of availableplaceholders.


Default: '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S'

String for formatting date/time, expansion of the %(asctime)s placeholderin LOG_FORMAT. Refer to the Python datetime documentation for the whole list of availabledirectives.


Default: scrapy.logformatter.LogFormatter

The class to use for formatting log messages for different actions.


Default: 'DEBUG'

Minimum level to log. Available levels are: CRITICAL, ERROR, WARNING,INFO, DEBUG. For more info see Logging.


Default: False

If True, all standard output (and error) of your process will be redirectedto the log. For example if you print('hello') it will appear in the Scrapylog.


Default: False

If True, the logs will just contain the root path. If it is set to Falsethen it displays the component responsible for the log output


Default: 60.0

The interval (in seconds) between each logging printout of the statsby LogStats.


Default: False

Whether to enable memory debugging.


Default: []

When memory debugging is enabled a memory report will be sent to the specifiedaddresses if this setting is not empty, otherwise the report will be written tothe log.


  1. MEMDEBUG_NOTIFY = ['[email protected]']


Default: True

Scope: scrapy.extensions.memusage

Whether to enable the memory usage extension. This extension keeps track ofa peak memory used by the process (it writes it to stats). It can alsooptionally shutdown the Scrapy process when it exceeds a memory limit(see MEMUSAGE_LIMIT_MB), and notify by email when that happened(see MEMUSAGE_NOTIFY_MAIL).

See Memory usage extension.


Default: 0

Scope: scrapy.extensions.memusage

The maximum amount of memory to allow (in megabytes) before shutting downScrapy (if MEMUSAGE_ENABLED is True). If zero, no check will be performed.

See Memory usage extension.


New in version 1.1.

Default: 60.0

Scope: scrapy.extensions.memusage

The Memory usage extensionchecks the current memory usage, versus the limits set byMEMUSAGE_LIMIT_MB and MEMUSAGE_WARNING_MB,at fixed time intervals.

This sets the length of these intervals, in seconds.

See Memory usage extension.


Default: False

Scope: scrapy.extensions.memusage

A list of emails to notify if the memory limit has been reached.


  1. MEMUSAGE_NOTIFY_MAIL = ['[email protected]']

See Memory usage extension.


Default: 0

Scope: scrapy.extensions.memusage

The maximum amount of memory to allow (in megabytes) before sending a warningemail notifying about it. If zero, no warning will be produced.


Default: ''

Module where to create new spiders using the genspider command.


  1. NEWSPIDER_MODULE = 'mybot.spiders_dev'


Default: True

If enabled, Scrapy will wait a random amount of time (between 0.5 DOWNLOAD_DELAY and 1.5 DOWNLOAD_DELAY) while fetching requests from the samewebsite.

This randomization decreases the chance of the crawler being detected (andsubsequently blocked) by sites which analyze requests looking for statisticallysignificant similarities in the time between their requests.

The randomization policy is the same used by wget —random-wait option.

If DOWNLOAD_DELAY is zero (default) this option has no effect.


Default: 10

The maximum limit for Twisted Reactor thread pool size. This is commonmulti-purpose thread pool used by various Scrapy components. ThreadedDNS Resolver, BlockingFeedStorage, S3FilesStore just to name a few. Increasethis value if you’re experiencing problems with insufficient blocking IO.


Default: 20

Defines the maximum times a request can be redirected. After this maximum therequest’s response is returned as is. We used Firefox default value for thesame task.


Default: +2

Scope: scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.redirect.RedirectMiddleware

Adjust redirect request priority relative to original request:

  • a positive priority adjust (default) means higher priority.
  • a negative priority adjust means lower priority.


Default: -1

Scope: scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.retry.RetryMiddleware

Adjust retry request priority relative to original request:

  • a positive priority adjust means higher priority.
  • a negative priority adjust (default) means lower priority.


Default: False

Scope: scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.robotstxt

If enabled, Scrapy will respect robots.txt policies. For more information seeRobotsTxtMiddleware.


While the default value is False for historical reasons,this option is enabled by default in file generatedby scrapy startproject command.


Default: 'scrapy.robotstxt.ProtegoRobotParser'

The parser backend to use for parsing robots.txt files. For more information seeRobotsTxtMiddleware.


Default: None

The user agent string to use for matching in the robots.txt file. If None,the User-Agent header you are sending with the request or theUSER_AGENT setting (in that order) will be used for determiningthe user agent to use in the robots.txt file.


Default: 'scrapy.core.scheduler.Scheduler'

The scheduler to use for crawling.


Default: False

Setting to True will log debug information about the requests scheduler.This currently logs (only once) if the requests cannot be serialized to disk.Stats counter (scheduler/unserializable) tracks the number of times this happens.

Example entry in logs:

  1. 1956-01-31 00:00:00+0800 [scrapy.core.scheduler] ERROR: Unable to serialize request:
  2. <GET> - reason: cannot serialize <Request at 0x9a7c7ec>
  3. (type Request)> - no more unserializable requests will be logged
  4. (see 'scheduler/unserializable' stats counter)


Default: 'scrapy.squeues.PickleLifoDiskQueue'

Type of disk queue that will be used by scheduler. Other available types arescrapy.squeues.PickleFifoDiskQueue, scrapy.squeues.MarshalFifoDiskQueue,scrapy.squeues.MarshalLifoDiskQueue.


Default: 'scrapy.squeues.LifoMemoryQueue'

Type of in-memory queue used by scheduler. Other available type is:scrapy.squeues.FifoMemoryQueue.


Default: 'scrapy.pqueues.ScrapyPriorityQueue'

Type of priority queue used by the scheduler. Another available type isscrapy.pqueues.DownloaderAwarePriorityQueue.scrapy.pqueues.DownloaderAwarePriorityQueue works better thanscrapy.pqueues.ScrapyPriorityQueue when you crawl many differentdomains in parallel. But currently scrapy.pqueues.DownloaderAwarePriorityQueuedoes not work together with CONCURRENT_REQUESTS_PER_IP.


New in version 2.0.

Default: 5_000_000

Soft limit (in bytes) for response data being processed.

While the sum of the sizes of all responses being processed is above this value,Scrapy does not process new requests.


Default:: {}

A dict containing the spider contracts enabled in your project, used fortesting spiders. For more info see Spiders Contracts.



  1. {
  2. 'scrapy.contracts.default.UrlContract' : 1,
  3. 'scrapy.contracts.default.ReturnsContract': 2,
  4. 'scrapy.contracts.default.ScrapesContract': 3,
  5. }

A dict containing the Scrapy contracts enabled by default in Scrapy. You shouldnever modify this setting in your project, modify SPIDER_CONTRACTSinstead. For more info see Spiders Contracts.

You can disable any of these contracts by assigning None to their classpath in SPIDER_CONTRACTS. E.g., to disable the built-inScrapesContract, place this in your

  2. 'scrapy.contracts.default.ScrapesContract': None,
  3. }


Default: 'scrapy.spiderloader.SpiderLoader'

The class that will be used for loading spiders, which must implement theSpiderLoader API.


New in version 1.3.3.

Default: False

By default, when Scrapy tries to import spider classes from SPIDER_MODULES,it will fail loudly if there is any ImportError exception.But you can choose to silence this exception and turn it into a simplewarning by setting SPIDER_LOADER_WARN_ONLY = True.


Some scrapy commands run with this setting to Truealready (i.e. they will only issue a warning and will not fail)since they do not actually need to load spider classes to work:scrapy runspider,scrapy settings,scrapy startproject,scrapy version.


Default:: {}

A dict containing the spider middlewares enabled in your project, and theirorders. For more info see Activating a spider middleware.



  1. {
  2. 'scrapy.spidermiddlewares.httperror.HttpErrorMiddleware': 50,
  3. 'scrapy.spidermiddlewares.offsite.OffsiteMiddleware': 500,
  4. 'scrapy.spidermiddlewares.referer.RefererMiddleware': 700,
  5. 'scrapy.spidermiddlewares.urllength.UrlLengthMiddleware': 800,
  6. 'scrapy.spidermiddlewares.depth.DepthMiddleware': 900,
  7. }

A dict containing the spider middlewares enabled by default in Scrapy, andtheir orders. Low orders are closer to the engine, high orders are closer tothe spider. For more info see Activating a spider middleware.


Default: []

A list of modules where Scrapy will look for spiders.


  1. SPIDER_MODULES = ['mybot.spiders_prod', 'mybot.spiders_dev']


Default: 'scrapy.statscollectors.MemoryStatsCollector'

The class to use for collecting stats, who must implement theStats Collector API.


Default: True

Dump the Scrapy stats (to the Scrapy log) once the spiderfinishes.

For more info see: Stats Collection.


Default: [] (empty list)

Send Scrapy stats after spiders finish scraping. SeeStatsMailer for more info.


Default: True

A boolean which specifies if the telnet consolewill be enabled (provided its extension is also enabled).


Default: [6023, 6073]

The port range to use for the telnet console. If set to None or 0, adynamically assigned port is used. For more info seeTelnet Console.


Default: templates dir inside scrapy module

The directory where to look for templates when creating new projects withstartproject command and new spiders with genspidercommand.

The project name must not conflict with the name of custom files or directoriesin the project subdirectory.


New in version 2.0.

Default: None

Import path of a given reactor.

Scrapy will install this reactor if no other reactor is installed yet, such aswhen the scrapy CLI program is invoked or when using theCrawlerProcess class.

If you are using the CrawlerRunner class, you alsoneed to install the correct reactor manually. You can do that usinginstall_reactor():

  • scrapy.utils.reactor.installreactor(_reactor_path)[source]
  • Installs the reactor with the specifiedimport path.

If a reactor is already installed,install_reactor() has no effect.

CrawlerRunner.init raisesException if the installed reactor does not match theTWISTED_REACTOR setting.

The default value of the TWISTED_REACTOR setting is None, whichmeans that Scrapy will not attempt to install any specific reactor, and thedefault reactor defined by Twisted for the current platform will be used. Thisis to maintain backward compatibility and avoid possible problems caused byusing a non-default reactor.

For additional information, see Choosing a Reactor and GUI Toolkit Integration.


Default: 2083

Scope: spidermiddlewares.urllength

The maximum URL length to allow for crawled URLs. For more information aboutthe default value for this setting see:


Default: "Scrapy/VERSION (+;

The default User-Agent to use when crawling, unless overridden. This user agent isalso used by RobotsTxtMiddlewareif ROBOTSTXT_USER_AGENT setting is None andthere is no overridding User-Agent header specified for the request.

Settings documented elsewhere:

The following settings are documented elsewhere, please check each specificcase to see how to enable and use them.